At the national policy level, to promote the sustainable development of the intelligent transportation industry is a fundamental national policy of continuing to promote the development of urbanization strategy, which is to maintain the huge demand for intelligent traffic situation plays a fundamental role. Secondly, the data open, “Internet +” as the industry restructuring, and even shuffle play a vital catalytic role. Third, PPP or policy guidance will lead to social capital for intelligent transportation industry giants appear to have a significant impact.
Intelligent Transportation System Structure and Development
From the hierarchical structure of the system point of view, intelligent transportation system consists of a large sensing control layer, a large data sharing service platform, application platform layer (comprising: for smart management and control platform / platform judgments, as well as for the public transport information service set) configuration, the entire system should be considered to protect the sustainable and healthy running system operation and maintenance management platform. At present, the development of traditional traffic management model is the perception of a more perfect control layer and application layer single field. In addition, traffic information service in the collision of technology and capital, innovation model, the rapid development and achieved a certain application scale. Big data sharing service platform, analyzing platform and system operation and maintenance management platform is still in the exploration and practice, seeking landing stage.
In traditional intelligent transportation systems, key equipment including traffic detection, signal control, video surveillance, inducing release, event detection, bayonet, police and other electricity. In comparison, traffic detection, traffic signal control, video surveillance, bayonet, police almost standard electrical products for construction projects, traffic guidance and publish, traffic incident detection belong to niche products with limited share ratio. Traffic video surveillance with Hikvision, UOB shares, depending Yu, LONDON force, Vimicro, Albert world as the representative of well-known domestic enterprises. Traffic geomagnetism detection field, Beijing Mai Rui data sensing technology in Wuxi, Tianjin Shun, the United States accounted for more than 80% of the first think Geomagnetic market; and signal control manufacturers, the country has about 150, Hisense, Royce, Huatong, high pass Xiang, Jerry and other accounting; police bayonet lower electric competition threshold, but over the past two years, Hikvision, UOB shares, buildings and other large enterprises, as the monopoly obvious advantages.
Demand for intelligent transportation industry as well as new opportunities
With the Internet of Things, RFID technology, standards, regulations, and other automotive electronic license application matures, thorough perception of the concept will be gradually integrated into the intelligent transportation system equipment. Traditional aware devices and new technology integration, application or system upgrade will set off a new round of construction boom, technological innovation will also bring new opportunities for businesses to compete.
Intelligent transportation industry pain points with the greatest needs
From the traditional business field of view, the biggest demand for intelligent transportation, public transport and parking. The vast majority of urban transport common problem is over-reliance on travel by car, bus travel has been only about 25%. Faced with a very limited supply of urban transportation resources can be deployed space, development of public transport, travel groups to improve efficiency is to optimize the transport system one of key directions. On the other hand, the city Parking contradiction is everywhere revealed another major pain points of urban traffic management. Parking integrate resources, improve service levels parking, parking optimize resource use efficiency must be another priority direction of traffic optimization system.
Viewed from the IT point of view, the following three aspects are equally urgent needs currently exist in the field of intelligent transportation. First, the integration of traffic data to build a large comprehensive traffic information centers, government departments to enhance the decision-making capacity based on data intelligence and intelligence systems, and the community needs to provide information sharing service; second, to build integrated traffic management and control platform synergy, between functional departments to play up and down linkage, control about synergistic effect; the third, for the public to provide more living close to car traffic information service, traffic information service further play to break the traffic deadlock in the advantage.
However, the reason for the urgent and long-term needs of individual existence, there must be deep-rooted reasons. On the entire transportation ecosystem, the biggest pain points that the traffic management system has not been through, reflected: Mastering traffic data in the hands of the functions can not be ordered open, integrated transport system in the absence of coordinated regional state difficult to play. The second big pain points that data sharing technology development model has not yet formed a consensus, promote and implement pending Practice.
Intelligent Transport Project main business model – bidding
Strengthen traffic safety and improve transport efficiency are the two main themes of the eternal traffic management around these two themes generated a lot of traffic construction projects, which is the main business model by tender to complete the project construction tasks slicing through project acceptance acceptance of delivery of payment to achieve corporate profits.
So, what is the most critical factor affecting intelligent transportation project tender result? The most important thing is mutual trust between the customer and the understanding of the project intent. Customer relationship is through running, established between the two sides of the economic solvency of mutual trust, mutual trust and technical service capabilities, the ability to trust and other construction organization. Understanding of the project intent involves three aspects:
(1) the construction of the project an accurate understanding of intent to tender programming completed correctly. Specifically refers to an accurate understanding of the goal of building / key tasks, the scope of construction / system operating environment, key equipment and key technical parameters, construction and other aspects of program design and implementation should reflect the key aspects;
(2) binding site speak standard system demonstration. The past two years in a bidding process continue to strengthen the link is: Requires bidders under defined conditions, combined with the system prototype demonstration, clear and accurate picture of the system and explain key aspects of the evaluation experts, presented a convincing design organization program. Demo speak standard has become one of the key to the success of the tender influence;
Business Technology Condition (3) implies having a gray-exclusive in the tender documents the impact of the project tender “mine.” Crack a very small chance, we need to have excellent organizational wisdom.
Other heavyweight factors that regulate the bidding price and bidding procedure, not to repeat here.
Industry boundaries gradual extension of the new model worth exploring
At the national PPP policies and regulations, motivated, intelligent transportation part of the “professional, individual needs clear, for social services, and the need to provide cloud services (demand fee of anywhere +),” the business and the business model are accelerate exploration, innovation, practice, try to use by professional operator, or provide external technical information service mode of operation, such as: traffic information resource sharing, public transport information service, traffic control optimization services, transportation system operation and maintenance.
Traffic information resource sharing, or will be the focus of the province or city as a unit, in accordance with the law to obtain and sell traffic information and technical services in accordance with regulations under the premise of safety and security, and many third-party paid docking, authorization, relying on its own business analysis capability , the computing environment and valuable information services and pricing service system, access to appropriate profits.
Public transportation information service has been popular, the need for further aggregated information resources, mining richer offer to avoid blocking, security, transfers, car life, close to the information content requirements. Traffic Control Optimization Services is the industry’s first undertaken by a professional team of outsourced business model, improve the current direction has two aspects: First, give full play to the wisdom of big data, and perform bottleneck analysis to predict the optimal evaluation from within the system; second, give full play to the power of crowdsourcing mobile Internet, use of social resources bottleneck analysis and optimization evaluation.
Transportation Systems Operations cloud is defined by professional bodies assume the form of technical services operation and maintenance management of the urban intelligent transportation system to ensure sustained and healthy operation of the system. This concept was proposed by the concern that, after three years, part of the project has begun landing practice. There is need for further kink more users, the formation of scale of operations; kink more equipment manufacturers to provide adequate operation and maintenance capabilities.
System integration of intelligent transportation construction is still around basic work. In the prevailing system integration requirements are relying on industry-led organization, the joint industry backbone enterprises, as soon as possible standards, between the docking system to ensure safe, standardized to ensure the system size, functionality extensible.
High-speed, urban transport, rail transport, aviation profits of intelligent transport projects
“Twelve Five” period, intelligent transportation sector market compound annual growth rate remained at around 20%. Based on the development of strategic direction “Thirteen Five Year Plan” is expected during the Five-Year “thirteen”, this rapid growth trend will continue.
Police traffic control at the national trunk road network prevention and control system, transportation network information center and other construction industry information-oriented pushed, will accelerate the extension and deepening of big data applications nationwide multi-level networking platform, high-speed and urban transport the emergence of large-scale construction projects will continue. From the overall situation analysis, road network integrated transport projects and urban transport integration project in the project after a decade of construction practices, business models and technology products tend steady profits tend to low-end. But judged based on large data depth application projects for new integrated transportation needs of the region, there are still large profit margins.
With respect to road traffic, rail and air transport projects intelligent rapid development momentum in recent years, a larger market size, intense competition in the market has not yet presented the state, relatively good profit margins.
How to make full use of the existing transportation resources?
From the full sense, intelligent traffic management, including traffic resource allocation, traffic management and traffic demand resource supply three areas. The view from the first major discussion areas, namely: how to make full use of the existing transport resources.
The three major demands of urban traffic management
Urban Traffic Intelligent Traffic Management proposed direct demand for efficient, safe and comfortable. All along, traffic management, safety in the first place. But look at the current urban traffic jam inefficient become a common phenomenon, traffic accidents to small, micro absolute majority of accidents, traffic safety and efficient travel substitution become the primary demand, followed by side to safety and comfort. Now and for a stage, “efficient” corresponds to intelligent traffic management, it will be reflected in the two major changes. First, the main functions of management, the city’s comprehensive transportation system shall run synergistic importance to an unprecedented height; the second is to stimulate the public wisdom, traffic information services has shown strong vitality, the information shall be related, business integration continue to innovate on the user experience.
To achieve comprehensive urban transportation co-operation, you first need to create a high-traffic network based environment requires ongoing optimization with the traffic flow characteristics consistent with the right of way distribution relations, the dispensing relationship between subject traffic demand and dynamic road right in the temporal changes of rhythm Match. On this basis, in order to accelerate the formation of efficient public transportation (eg: rail, BRT) and closely related to the transportation hub and convenient interchanges, giving priority to build a “near and far – Fast Slow – line stop transfer” combined multi-level integrated transport system to enhance the efficiency of transport trunk road network. Thirdly, to make great efforts to ease the conflict management approach point segments, improve the bottleneck effect Important Issues.
Intercity Transportation to consider two aspects
- First, it emphasizes the efficient distribution of urban traffic entrances. For long-distance bus station, railway station, airport for civil aviation, water transport terminals, storage yard, etc., the key consideration is the efficient distribution object passenger, passengers, rapid and orderly distribution of goods, can not occur continuous siltation retention;
- Second, in-transit passenger and freight transport for highway network line of traffic safety and traffic order is the primary requirement. Since the size passenger transit vehicles Mixed, high-speed driving, fatigue driving, bad weather and other factors, the event of accident, the consequences are serious, it is safe and orderly intercity highway traffic priority. Followed quickly find traffic incidents and rescue immediately, through innovation and mechanism innovation system, the implementation of collaborative centers with the road longitudinal, transverse disposal mechanism intersectoral linkage, the loss will reduce accidents and traffic impact to a minimum. In addition, relatively high-speed road network and urban road network in terms of simple pattern, road closures, far away from the entrance, so in response to a false holiday travel, inclement weather and a burst of major traffic incidents, traffic to be achieved through a variety of early organization triage and collaborative control.
Full of intelligent transportation systems of large data generated to achieve precise control, active control
For vibrant big data environments, whether in the city’s comprehensive transportation, or in the process of building large regional transportation system, to fully rely on the traffic in the data center, play a fusion of information sharing, data kinks associated inspired wisdom and the wisdom of the public in building or improving the guideline of “- usually based”, “focus on the global – focused” when the service control platform and information service platform must be “accurate information, proactive early warning” and “smart” infiltration in the new platform all levels, all corners of the new applications, in order to better implement the “integrated transport, intelligent traffic, traffic safety, traffic green” concept of development.
“Thirteen Five” strategic planning dialysis intelligent transportation industry development pattern from the national strategic development period “Thirteen Five”, the intelligent transportation industry will have two major directions:
One is the traffic pattern in the existing comprehensive horizontal expansion and vertical association, and the second is to develop a new intelligent transportation system. Scale refers to the Regional Transportation will be the focus direction. Longitudinal association is relying on large data resources form the “data intelligence.” The new intelligent transportation system refers to car networking, smart driving and other next-generation intelligent transportation industry. Regional Transportation is one of the strategic directions of the development of intelligent transportation. With the continued advance national development strategy of urbanization, motorization needs of the community will continue to heat up. Socio-economic development model will be “polarized drive (a drive around the center of the city as the core city)” to “Regional Coordination (Regional Urban Industry Collaboration between complementary resource utilization mode transformation & free movement of factors of production and the optimal allocation)” change, intelligent transportation accompanying key directions must be integrated regional transport, that is to say: intelligent traffic pattern will be horizontal expansion, the need to address traffic efficiency issues are closely linked between cities, we need to consider the synergies between the integrated transport mode.
Solve new problems require new focus and new ideas. Therefore, relying on the integrated transport large data provided by the “data intelligence”, through regional transport co-produced “intelligence system” to optimize information services and implement open data generate “public intellectual”, will lead the intelligent transportation industry pattern depth direction .
Another budding new direction is the car networking, smart driving. Faced with increasingly complex traffic situation, wireless broadband networks, large data cloud computing, artificial intelligence, mobile intelligent terminals and other rapidly advancing information technology combined with intelligent transportation, intelligent transportation build a new network operating environment by car, by driving smart to build a new vehicle . This new format will be disruptive intelligent transportation traffic old format, will bring a new era of intelligent transportation.