Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) since the last century, made 90, has become the future direction of the transport system is not only innovative technology, but also the future of travel and other lifestyle innovations.
Intelligent Transportation is one of the frontiers in the field of transport development, networking, mobile Internet, artificial intelligence technology in the field of transportation, intelligent transportation system model, the concept had a tremendous impact.
In its evolution process technology, collaborative development in various fields will be the main theme of the future. And intelligent transportation fields closely related to big data, smart car and so has become a hot spot.
Collaboration and intelligent vehicle road vehicles
In the “Internet +” and “Made in China 2025” in the background, smart car has become a traditional outlet car enterprises and emerging companies in the eyes of the repairer. With “smart”, “ecological” and “services” as key words as high-tech smart car carrier, its development and application of intelligent transportation has played a crucial role.
On the seventh global automotive forum, Automotive Engineering Department of Tsinghua University Li Keqiang said that “intelligent transportation system is both a complex system, but also a high-tech systems, intelligent transportation systems can not be separated Smart car.”
With the goal of intelligent unmanned vehicles, we will set artificial intelligence, computer vision, high-precision navigation and automatic control technology in one. Based on unmanned technology can be realized on location, environment, visual perception, intelligent planning, technology integration and development, environmental information and information on the vehicle itself integrated into a systematic whole, so that driverless cars more clearly how they know how destination, and to further enhance and improve the traffic environment, reduce costs, improve driving safety and operational efficiency. Smart car and transportation has always been inseparable.
And after the intelligent car, how should the road changes, coordinating people, vehicles and the road became another synchronization points. Thanks to the development of car networking between car + X (vehicles, roads, people and the Internet) to achieve a large system of information exchange network, the planning and construction of the road will be another or a new form.
Ministry of Transport Highway Research Institute, deputy chief engineer Yang Qi who have put forward their own views, in the intelligent vehicle, roadside facilities will also undergo profound changes, maybe even smart car exclusive lanes. For example, it is no longer a road sign posters, but to communicate to the car “see.” For people, for example, some special people who sign (electronic signs), but also make cars in advance to “see” the entire system of road vehicles is the need to support them to do the appropriate changes.
Big data sharing, transfer and analysis are key elements
For intelligent data traffic is significant in terms of not only the need to rely on data to achieve intelligent behavior, transportation itself produces vast amounts of data, which also generates more opportunities for big data applications.
In the entire transport system, integration and accurate perception of real-time traffic data is also critical. On the seventh global automotive forum, Gausscode founder and CEO Dr. Cheng Jie said that “the data in intelligent transportation play a big role, because the digital implementation, standardization can not put things become standardized, so that the sensor can be large-scale use of such ‘smart’ concept in the most basic ability to significantly improve the perception. Moreover, the data of the digital can become a meaningful units to enable them to express, and become able to read each other’s language. ”
Based on the basis of the data sensing device perception on the application of the network so that the sensor can not only know the local needs, more importantly, parking, real-time traffic, fees, and even the weather and so on huge amounts of data to be transmitted in the network, so that the entire system intelligence. However, in reality, much of the data is divided, and some due to the different systems, such as different agencies are part of the master data, but the sharing and transfer of data for the purposes of intelligent transportation is a critical element.
From the angle of view intelligent data traffic, the key is that the truly intelligent data generated after processing and analysis. Cheng Jie said, “is the key data analysis, including static and dynamic data systems to help us achieve a range of transportation planning, urban planning, and a considerable real-time, fast response of the control and management.”
Intelligent transportation policy to promote the overall planning
Intelligent Transportation is a complicated systematic project involving a lot of problems, both with regard to the technical aspects, but also involves the management problems. Such as how to structure framework, at all levels of planning in the end the core of what should be included, how to realize the coordinated development of intelligent transport systems in various fields through planning. On the integration of resources and strategic planning of government plays a very important role.
Automotive Engineering Department of Tsinghua University, Li Keqiang said that “the development of intelligent transportation is the need to organize the government to meet the development of China’s national conditions. In it, there are many key issues, such as data, decision-making problems, the issue of control and system integration issues, etc. this requires the integration of various scientific and technological strength to do business together, only management issues, strategic issues and future systems to solve three issues, intelligent traffic order to be successful. ”
Internationally, both the United States, the European Union, or Japan have launched a series of supporting policies, a clear roadmap and targets Intelligent Transportation. Development of intelligent transportation has been the strong support of the policy, with the “Internet + convenient transportation” and suggested to strengthen the open sharing of information, our intelligent transportation industry will enter a new round of rapid development track.
Future, traffic data for support and interaction, data processing, intelligent control technology, innovation and the development and implementation of a series of standard policies are still needed in real time. Especially in encouraging the development of the industry, the need to focus on promoting intelligent transportation industry, development cooperation support guide high integration of large enterprises and technical expertise among SMEs.