Internet of things is an Internet-based, traditional telecommunication network and other information carrier, so that all can be independently addressable ordinary physical objects to achieve interoperability of networks, in simple terms, the Internet of Internet of things is a network connection items.
ã€€ã€€1. The network structure of internet of things can be divided into three levels:
a sensor network, that is, RFID, sensors, two-dimensional code such as the main achieve the identification of “objects”; the second is the transport network, through the existing three networks ( Internet, network, and communications network), to achieve data transmission and computing; the third is a network application that controls the input and output terminals, such as smart appliances controller. Internet of things with the network hierarchy corresponding to the main need of the following four main technical support: RFID identification technology, ubiquitous sensor technology, nano-technology and intelligent embedded computing technology. RFID identification technology and ubiquitous sensor technology aims at collecting information object, is the main source of information gathering internet of things; nano-embedded technology is to achieve a wide range of information collection; the sensor to obtain the information it needs to semantic understanding, judgment and decision-making, which requires intelligent computing techniques.
ã€€ã€€2. The application of networking technology and trends in the field of logistics
Logistics are internet of things related to technology application areas most realistic, internet of things will further improve logistics and intelligence, information and automation, logistics functions to promote the integration of all aspects of the operation of logistics services will have a positive impact. In production, depth and extensive use EPC technology will greatly enhance the production efficiency; in transport links, EPC and RFID technology, and software system visualization track management and intelligent scheduling, improve transport efficiency; in storage areas, EPC technologies and intelligent systems the application will improve operational efficiency, reduce operating costs, improve inventory management and space utilization; in the distribution segment, after the comprehensive application of networking technology can greatly reduce sorting time and increase picking efficiency, grasp the expected arrival time; sales in the logistics chain, smart shelves automatically identify and alert at all times, to achieve quick response over the network.
With the support of the concept of internet of things to enhance the introduction of technology, policy, I believe the future internet of things will bring revolutionary changes in China’s logistics industry, China’s logistics industry will usher in the age of wisdom logistics flourish. Future networking applications in the logistics industry in the top five trends reflect the following:
First, uniform standards, information sharing was associated logistics. To establish uniform standards is the development trend of internet of things, but also the needs of the logistics industry application market. Although the era of internet of things, a lot of internet of things topical application is closed-loop and independent, no need to achieve all of the items interconnected into a unified network. However, the basic level of internet of things, a unified standard platform is necessary, the local system of internet of things, so you can build internet of things together local area network in a unified standard system. Chinese experts believe that the encoding center, unified networking foundation (coding) system is a prerequisite for running internet of things, internet of things only in the unified system established on the basis of interoperability really can do, so that information sharing and intelligence applications.
Secondly, interoperability, integration into social networking. Internet of things are polymeric systems innovation, will bring cross-system, cross-industry network construction and application. With the popularity of tags and sensor networks, interconnection of internet of things and internet of things, will give enterprise logistics systems, production systems, smart procurement system and sales system integration foundation, converged network will have the wisdom and the wisdom of the production supply chain integration. Open social networking system, part of the local logistics industry networking applications will soon be integrated into the social networking.
Third, a variety of technologies, integrated logistics applications. Currently more applications in the logistics industry perception means primarily RFID and GPS technology, the future with the development of networking technology, sensor technology, Bluetooth, video technology, M2M technology and other technologies will be gradually used in modern integrated logistics, for modern logistics operations in a variety of perception and action.
Fourth, the logistics sector will continue to emerge out of the new model. Internet of things are polymeric, integrated innovative ideas, internet of things to bring the wisdom of the logistics revolution will emerge many innovative models.
Fifth, the “objects” intelligent, smarter logistics change. Francis Fraunhofer Institute in Germany is currently being studied Logistics Logistics real “thing” itself with intelligent wisdom logistics system that allows stream was himself know where to go, what they should be stored in a waiting position.
ã€€ã€€3. The main problem in the application of internet of things that exist
Internet of things as a national strategy Significantly, Beijing CCID Information Engineering Supervision Co., Ltd. ( “CCID Supervisor”) to comply with the national high-tech in the promotion, the state of internet of things on the basis of planning, generous national resources promotion, establish research platform focusing on standards, technology, industrial chain, legal, security and other aspects of internet of things, internet of things come to a series of potential problems in the continuing exploration:
First, the standards are not uniform, affecting internet of things advance. Existing businesses management information system, the structure encoded in the form of different articles on the construction of the interconnection of internet of things is a big obstacle.
Second, the technology is not mature, the impact of the size of internet of things. Satellite positioning technology and network transmission technology has been relatively more mature, relatively high degree of commercialization, but RFID and sensor technology as the core technology of internet of things, has not yet entered the industry. Domestic RFID technology is still the main low-frequency, high-frequency RFID has just entered the initial stage of industrialization, application solutions still need further improvement.
Third, potential safety issues, the popularity of internet of things is questioned. Today’s information needs to open up the information, and independent information security requirements, and therefore needs to be done and information security overall consideration.
Fourth, no complete industrial chain, difficult to form a business model. The process of development of internet of things, all aspects of the sensing, transmission, application control and other relations in various fields, not a great commercial platform, only low efficiency, high cost behind closed doors.
Fifth, imperfect laws and regulations, the development of internet of things being blocked. Internet of things related to the fields of transportation, environment, government, public safety, fire, personal health, water testing, food traceability and intelligence gathering, etc., need to integrate a variety of forces.
ã€€ã€€4. With regard to the introduction of the Internet of things project management process should pay attention to the problem
CCID Supervision front and the importance of internet of things there may be many problems in the application process, in operational project management level, in particular, should pay attention to the following questions:
First, the project participants shall use the same technical standards. Communication efforts through effective management of the project, the entire project so that the participants reached a consensus at the beginning of the beginning of the project, a unified coding standard provisions. Participation in the project effectively prevent the formation of islands of information prescription, to ensure smooth channel to ensure the accuracy of the information collected, to achieve interoperability information.
Second, to determine the reference level of networking technology, combined with other costs and technical factors, to determine the level and application of networking technology. Project management process to control costs, the more advanced networking technology, necessarily represent the higher capital investment. Combined with the project itself and the degree of demand for technology combined budget, determine the level and standard networking technology references.
Third, the application of networking technology, is bound to a certain extent, the formation of information-sharing, which requires special attention to information security. Information between the parties involved in the project will be free to pass, and this information needs to be analyzed to identify the project will result in adverse effects participant information, special handling or sign a confidentiality agreement in accordance with the actual situation, the interests of project participants will be protected.
Fourth, the formation of relatively clear business model, a clear profit point. The introduction of networking technology project participants should be actively discussing with each other in terms of networking of information acquisition, information transmission and sharing, analysis of information processing and decision-making to find profit point, the formation of cooperating as a whole, rather than a zero-sum game competition. Finally, the need for a rational allocation of interest income, in order to form a stable and cooperative relations.
Five internet of things belong to something new, there is now a question of laws and regulations lag, during the execution of the project, the contract shall try to make up gaps in the field of laws and regulations to form a binding contract terms on the parties to the contract rights and obligations were clearly defined.
“Internet of things” is called after following the computer, the Internet, the information industry’s third wave. Industry experts believe that internet of things can improve economic efficiency on the one hand, significant cost savings; on the other hand can provide technical impetus to global economic recovery. Currently, the United States, the European Union and of other countries have to invest heavily in research internet of things. CCID Supervision think internet of things although there are such problems in applications, but its tendency to flourish in our country is irreversible. CCID Supervision as the domestic information technology consulting and project management team leader, continues to increase for basic networking technology research, the introduction of high-tech front range of issues project management can bring, such as cost, risk, Research has certain properties brought about by the progress of issues, etc., to explore the corresponding advanced management tools to actively adjust the control to ensure the smooth progress into the high-tech project management.